Mitambo neNhapitapi

Arts represent an outlet of expression. Culture influences this expression. Zimbabwean culture is also manifested in the arts which are mainly constituted by music and dance, sculpting, poetry (nhetembo) and painting.

Music and Dance

Music is an important factor in Zimbabwean art. It is considered spoken art. The rhythm and sounds reflects feeling.

Most traditional songs are not only meant to be enjoyed but have some riddle lyrics that are meant to teach. The songs also have social injustice, political dignity, human rights fight, rebuking words as their central theme. Modern day Zimbabwean musicians also have a fun habit of mocking and rebuking their leaders through music.

Mbira (thumb piano), marimba (xylophone), ngoma (drums), hosho (gourds with beads inside them), hwamanda (tusks) are the most common traditional instruments. Dance is also an important part of the Zimbabwean culture that accompanies the music.

However Zimbabwean traditional music faces an extinct future as many new and upcoming artists are more focused on foreign genres (hip hop, raggae, etc).


Stone and wood carvings play a huge role in Zimbabwean art. These carvings include animals (representing totems), warfare articles, public figures (such as Mbuya Nehanda, Lobengula), gestures of our culture practices, utensils, etc. Zimbabwean sculptures have attracted tourists.


Another very important aspect of the Zimbabwean culture is poetry popularly known as Nhetembo. Poetry is a reflection of both creativity and feeling.

Most common poetry is praise poetry (nhetembo dzemitupo), meant to praise the different totems in Zimbabwe. 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *